Neurocardiogenic Syncope (NCS)

Cheltenham Syncope Clinic:

The Children’s Heart Institute:

Vasovagal Syncope and Related Disorders from the American Academy of Family Physicians:

Syncope (NMS) in Adolescents by Martin A. G. Lewin:

Neurally Mediated Syncope by Munir Zaqqa, MD and Ali Massumi, MD, FACC:

Dizziness and Syncope in Adolescence by Karen A. McLeod:

Part 1. The Initial Evaluation of Patients with Syncope by Task Force on Syncope, European Society of Cardiology: (also includes Part 2)

The Elusive Pathophysiology of Neurally Mediated Syncope by Rogelio Mosqueda-Garcia, Raffaello Furlan, Jens Tank and Roxana Fernandez-Violante:

Cardiovascular Causes of Falls by Brian J. Carey and John F. Potter:


Cerebral Vasoconstriction in Vasovagal Syncope: Any Link With Symptoms? by Alfonso Lagi, Simone Cencetti, Vanni Corsoni, Dimitrios Georgiadis and Stefano Bacalli:

Pathophysiology and Management of Neurocardiogenic Syncope by Nandini Nair, Farooq A. Padder & Bharat K. Kantharia


Syncope: Testing


Randomised Clinical Trials of Drug Therapy for Vasovagal Syncope by M. Brignole

Pacemaker for Vasovagal Syncope: Good for Few by M. Brignole:

Management of Recurrent Vasovagal Syncope by Means of Isometric Counterpressure Manoeuvres by M. Brignole:

Neurocardiogenic Syncope Due to Recurrent Tonsillar Carcinoma: Successful Treatment by Dual Chamber Cardiac Pacing with Rate Hysteresis by Yue A. M., and Thomas, R. D.:

Usefulness of a Tilt Training Program for the Prevention of Refractory Neurocardiogenic Syncope in Adolescents: A Controlled StudybyEnrico Di Girolamo, Cesare Di Iorio, Luigi Leonzio, Panfilo Sabatini and
Antonio Barsotti:

Part 2. Diagnostic Tests and Treatment: Summary of Recommendations by Task Force on Syncope, European Society of Cardiology:

Beta-Blockers no Better than Placebo in the Treatment of Vasovagal Syncope:

The Usefulness of Tilt Testing with an Intravenous Beta-Blocker in Assessing the Efficacy of Long-Term Therapy in Patients with Vasovagal Syncope by Grzegorz Gielerak, Karol Makowski, Ewa Dłużniewska, Alicja Stec and Marian Cholewa: